New Book! – Contemporary Vernacular Design – How British housing can Rediscover its Soul
Out November 2016….
CONTEMPORARY VERNACULAR DESIGN
How British Housing can Rediscover its Soul
Author: Clare Nash
Foreword: Piers Taylor (presenter of World’s Most Extraordinary Homes, £100k house: the Final Fix and founder of Invisible Studio Architects)
Publisher: RIBA Publishing
UK housing – can we be proud, really?
I love Britain. I love our ability to be unconventional and witty, to push boundaries and ignore rules. Our creative talents are highly sought after in fashion, music and architecture. We embrace technological change at alarming rates. However, I have been getting more and more frustrated about how little we apply these talents to our housing. Our town edges have become submerged in a sea of red brick, on forms that looks the same whether you are in Southampton or Northampton. As British people, we need only drive an hour or so away to hear a very different regional accent. And yet regional variation in new build housing has all but disappeared. The UK is a rich composition of diversity, why can’t this be evident in our housing? It doesn’t seem fair that the majority are required to live in identikit brick boxes. These homes have no sense of place, do not encourage community and offer extremely low standards of design and space. Residents have told me they feel ‘contained’.
But I know we can do better because we already have done better.
This book is showcasing really truly, great housing schemes in the UK and Europe that have community, a sense of place and identity. They are also all sustainable in the true sense of the word. I know this, not just because I have interviewed the designers of these schemes but because I have also interviewed the residents – who are happy, very happy. These are schemes that have been produced with a long term mindset, rather than for a short term profit. They serve as inspiration for anyone designing or building housing in the UK today. They are also all linked to vernacular architecture.
Vernacular Architecture – what is that?
You might be wondering what is vernacular architecture? I go into detail on this in Chapter 3 – View on the Vernacular, but essentially vernacular architecture is simple architecture, usually dwellings that respond to climate and culture and are sustainable by accident. I say by accident because people who have built vernacular architecture did not even know about “sustainability”, they have simply used local craftspeople and materials because that is what was available. They have developed many technologies to improve their comfort such as orienting their house so that it makes the most of solar gain, attaching animal barns to their homes so they receive free heating, using thermal mass to store and release heat and in hot countries using pools and chimneys to make the most of the cooling effect of water and passive stack ventilation. They have built homes as a community, an act that is itself community strengthening but that uses the best skills of the people in the village or place to their best advantage to build a house. This is of course a major reason why these homes suit their surroundings so well. It is why you find longhouses in Dartmoor, the stone cotswold cottage, the black house in Scotland, the adobe and thatch house in Bolivia. We love and admire these homes, we pay a higher price for them. Some of them are listed. The problem is that house builders try to copy this at scale, they argue that we all like ‘traditional’. But this is wrong. We all like vernacular architecture because it speaks to us of our home, of our place or our people. The same red brick box applied numerous times whether you are in Norfolk or Devon has nothing to do with ‘traditional’.
So this book is also a letter to government. Please don’t let any more of our country be ruined by poorly designed housing. I want to walk around housing schemes that make me proud to be British. We can do better, we have done better, let’s use the examples in this book and just do better.
So what next?
So how can we retain the best bits of vernacular architecture but still provide homes at scale? Well that is a difficult and challenging question and one I will be answering in my book. The schemes that I am looking at are all in the ‘spirit’ of vernacular. This might be via co-housing, community self-build or just incredibly well designed homes at scale that respond to place. None of them are trying to achieve ‘traditional’.
The book features case studies from the UK, Europe and further afield that have used inspiration from the vernacular to create simple sustainable housing designs that fit climate, culture and place. I have now finished researching and writing the book which builds on a masters thesis written on the same topic. Case studies from Papua New Guinea, China and South America will be included but the main focus is on the UK and Europe. It will be published in November 2016 by RIBA Publishing.
The book shows great regional variation in housing design. But it’s not just about aesthetics. Creating a sense of place, communal self-build and other methods of vernacular building such as co-housing offer a rich alternative to the standard developer model. Interviews with residents as well as architects have been carried out to get a really good overall picture on the success of this way of house building.
I have been writing blogs about the housing schemes I will be including in the book, while carrying out research. These can be found here.
To be kept up to date with the latest content for the book and publication dates etc, please sign up to our newsletter below